Each time I visit Sinai, I write a journey report for the supporters of the Makhad trust and for our funders. Here are pdf’s of the journey reports for this year.
In April I walked the Sinai Trail with a group of friends. It is a 200km, 12 day hike through the desert from the east coast of Sinai to St Katherine’s in the centre. It was organised by the Sinai Trail team and we were guided and supported by Bedouin all the way. It was a fabulous experience and I can highly recommend it. The scenery varied tremendously as we progressed and the views were wonderful. We gradually climbed from sea level to a hight of 2,600m at the top of Mt St Katherine’s, the highest mountain in Egypt. A short review of the journey can be found in the May Journey Report.
This visit to Sinai was the fourth trip for Helen since taking over from Susie last year.
Where else to start but with – The Weather!
This winter there has been a great deal of rain in the desert east and south of St K and so there were lots of large green bushes and leafy acacia trees plus some delicate flowers on road-side weeds – all looking very alive and well. Some bedouin from the East coast had moved into these areas for grazing for their camels and goats, living the traditional lifestyle of their ancestors with goats hair tents. St katherine’s has been less fortunate with precipitation as many wadis have only had a little rain and a bit of snow. They need more rain to fill up their wells and the dams.
A change from the last trip, was to see nearly all the checkpoints manned by police rather than the army. As a visitor, I have to say it is much less alarming to see police than the army though the police were still well armed. However the situation is now back to the same old scams of extortion and bribery by the police on the Bedouin. The police like to make life difficult for people but a financial sweetener will remove the hassles so Salah pays to drive through the checkpoints without trouble. The police do look like menacing thugs, better suited to inter-city crime gangs than security of the public. It seems that one either has the army with menacing hardware or the police with menacing demeanours. Not much of a choice!
The police now employ a few Bedouin to help them with security in the areas far from roads. This has at least created some much needed jobs.
On the first day of inspecting wells we went up into the mountains. Our furtherest well to see was a long way down Farsh Roumana. The round trip was an estimated 27 km, with a couple of steep tracks in several places and some walking along scree/sand in the bottoms of the wadis – good for tightening inner thigh muscles. Mahmoud and I started up the mountain at 7 am and got to the beginning of Wadi Gibal at 9. It took us another couple of hours to get to Farsh Roumana and our first and the furthest garden.
We visited 4 garden well projects in all and looked at a couple of other gardens. There were very few people up in the mountains as it is still quite cold. However it is time for tree planting and moving trees so there should be people up there very soon.
We saw lots more almond trees in full blossom, the blossom shows just how many there are and most gardens have several. This is because they are a good cash crop, store well and can be sold throughout the year.
The second day of well inspections was spent visiting Wadi Shaab and the Blue Mountains.
The third day we went to Wadi Tarfa and Wadi Gharba. In Wadi Tarfa we visited a well we had started in July but which had been flooded in the early October rains after Omar had dug out 10 m of it. He was clearly rather fed up when we made our visit in October but we gave him his second payment to carry on digging. When we came back in November he had decided to start digging about 3 m further away, partly because the sides of the old well would have been unstable due to being washed in. This time we arrived to find that they had dug down 16 m in the new spot and had found water! They were very pleased with themselves. They still have a lot to do as the well needs flood protection next, and then they can dig it out some more and then it must be lined with stones. The well owner and his community are really behind this well and working very hard. It will be expensive for them to complete.
Finally we drove back to wadi Tarfa to see the completion of Eid Imbabi’s well. Not only had he finished but he had built a large birka and planted over 200 fruit and nut trees. He had turned a scruffy bare patch of desert into a new plant nursery. In a year’s time it will be blooming and established. The photograph shows the fledgling trees and a new irrigation system. An excellent result for this project.
We visited a well in the Blue Mountains where they had built the flood protection and nearly dug it out. We were invited back a few days later to see the well with water in it. Mousa, was organising the work on the well on behalf of his wife who owns it and was so pleased to have water in this very dry area that he had arranged a celebratory feast for his workers – and we were invited. We arrived to find that he had slaughtered one of his goats, which had been cooked and was offered to all the workers and to us with saffron rice.
The goats head was in pride of place, and appreciation while we ate. It was very tasty!
There are still lots of Bedouin coming forward to put their names on our lists, and from greater distances. One man drove over 100km to come to Fox Camp to see me about his well, but it was a rather specialised request for help with his very deep pump and I didn’t feel this fitted with our project. It was very hard to turn him down.
During this visit we started 10 new wells, (5 garden wells and 5 community wells). We found 4 wells completed though there are 22 ongoing and 320 wells waiting for our help. Altogether we have completed 283 wells now.
The Rose Geranium Project
Mahmoud and I visited his brother Mohamed to look at the Rose Geranium plants he has in his garden with a view to growing them for their essential oils. It is not a good time of year to assess them as there are no flowers and the essential oils are not really very strong either. However we discovered that his well had been flooded and he had no water. He has a large and beautiful garden with lots of almond, figs, olive, pear, apple and other trees. At the moment he gets a bit of water from his neighbour but it is not enough. So we did a site visit and put him on the list waiting for sponsors. Deciding what to do about this well was difficult because we don’t want to be accused of nepotism but I thought that even if he wasn’t Mahmoud’s brother I would probably put him on the list. He has put 10 years of hard work into creating a productive garden and it could all be lost. In addition he has no spare funds of his own because his son is nearly blind and is having expensive cornea transplants at a hospital in Cairo.
On Friday, a team of doctors, dentists and medical health practitioners made Fox Camp their accommodation base for their work holding clinics in outlying towns and villages. About 15 Egyptians had come with an independent medical charity which offers medical care and medicines for free to impoverished people. Medical help here is not free and many bedouin cannot afford the care they need, so this team is very much needed. It was all arranged by Faraj’s brother, with some help from Faraj, hence the stay in Fox Camp.
The team were very boisterous and noisy with lots of laughing so they obviously enjoy working together. I had a very enjoyable evening talking with 4 of the team, with conversations ranging from should UK leave the EU, to the best places to visit in London, to the health care needs of the Bedouin.
On Sunday – the doctors last day, they returned to Cairo. One of the doctors is a gynaecologist whose specialist area is sexual trauma in conflict areas – she is off to Afghanistan for a few weeks soon, quite an inspiring lady. She is very interested in the idea of health education and basic food hygiene for the Bedouin and would be happy to help. She also talked about one common problem for most of the Bedouin which is Fluorine toxicity. The water here is very high in natural fluoride so most peoples teeth are very brown. However it seems it is also affecting fertility rates. There is some interesting research to be done here, including looking into test kits to establish fluorine levels and filters to reduce them.
I hope we get to see the team again. Some of them live in Alexandria and know Nora’s mother’s restaurant – it is one of their favourite places to eat! They said they would get in contact with her so the networking continues.
All is going well here. There are 15 to 20 children visiting every day so 300 a month and not the same children each time. Some women come too or ask their children to get books for them to read at home.
The Beekeeping Project
We found Mousa rather busy this trip so did not get to see him in his garden but did meet with him in Fox Camp just after he had collected the bees from Cairo. He has bought swarms for each hive, so about 60 in all. The course seems to be going well and Mousa is happy to run the course again starting in September. Meanwhile, one of his trainees has come forward to offer to run training course in the mountains, in Wadi Buleia, where his garden is. This would be an ideal way to expand the number of beekeepers into the less easily accessible areas.
There has been no change since my visit in November, though the building looked complete. I will have a conversation with Faraj about it on my next visit.
After this I went to visit the monastery, expecting some peace and quiet in the basilica because there are no tourists. However when I got there I discovered I was quite wrong and there were over 20 coaches there, many of them with Egyptians because it is the weekend but there were other nationalities too and a party of US soldiers, out of uniform but in shorts.
I thought it would be horribly crowded inside but it wasn’t actually. There were several guided tours going on outside which swallowed up lots of people and some of the soldiers declined to wear scarfs as toga cover-ups. Anyway I had a nice quiet time. Apparently the weekends are quite busy but still very few tourists during the week.
The government is doing its best to help the tourist industry in all of Egypt keep afloat in these difficult times with various schemes. One is to encourage Egyptians to visit more of their tourist attractions, and the second is to take people who serve tourists in one area to experience being tourists in another. So some Bedouin have been on a trip to see the pyramids and some Egyptians from the Nile have been to see St Katherine’s. There are more students coming to St Katherine’s too which is a good thing, although they don’t have much money to spend so it doesn’t help the local economy much. They also need to be educated about litter.
It has always seemed a shame to go all the way to Sinai and not to have time to explore a bit more, so this time I added a couple of days to my schedule for a trek. As it was so cold at night, I opted for a trek through the desert, to places I haven’t seen before. Faraj Fox arranged a guide for me and got in touch with Faraj Sabah for a camel to accompany us. Faraj came himself with one of his camels, Reglan. I spent three days trekking and three nights in the desert, seeing more of the fabulous scenery. Atir and Faraj looked after me very well. At the end Salah picked me up from the main road to drive me back to Sharm to fly home.
April/May 2015 Journeys to Sinai
This was Susie’s last trip to Sinai and her farewell to Makhad Trust and the Bedouin. Helen Cranston joined Susie two days after Susie arrived, to shadow Susie and to receive a handover of the Wells Project.
Susie’s first two days had been to visit wells in the high mountains, just with Mahmoud. On the third day, with Helen in tow, the day started with a visit to Wadi Naqb El Hawa to see a completed well. The proud well owner, Hassan, had completed the restoration of his well and invited us for a celebratory lunch of chicken. After lunch he demonstrated how much water he had in his well now by watering his garden. It was the completion of an excellent project. The next day took us to Wadi Rotuk, along from Wadi Esbia to see another excellent well restoration. It was a rather remote spot but the well will not only enable the owner to restore his garden, but the water will be used for many summer visiting Bedouin for drinking. We visited several more gardens in this remote area and saw wells in various states of repair or completion. The weather during this time was uncharacteristically cold with a fierce wind. However the mornings were as glorious as ever.
Next day it was off to Wadi Sudud where we saw several wells. The first one was an excellent restoration by the owner and his sons where they had put in an aquaduct to carry water to adjacent gardens. From here we went up a wadi where the Water Institute has built a large dam blocking the wadi. Beyond the dam were three small dams built by the Bedouin and two wells needing restoration. The Bedouin family had done a lot of work with the initial digging and the dams but need funds to complete the work.
The following day we visited a well owned by the local brickworks Bedouin in Wadi Esbia. He had struggled to find water on his first exploration and was now digging in a new place. They still had not got to the water level but the gravel coming out of the hole was quite damp so there is hope for this well. We next visited wells in Wadi El Marwh where a family had made a good job of restoring their well, had enclosed a small area for a garden and were planting some trees. We made a new site visit to a well that needs funding to provide water for 10 families. This well is now on the waiting list. On our way to the next wadi we were hailed and stopped by a bedouin wanting us to visit his well in Wadi El Atchan which means ‘Thirsty wadi”. We thought this was not a good omen! The well owner took us to look at a hole he had been digging in the bottom of the wadi, through solid granite. He has dug 3 meters and there is only a little water. He would like funding to deepen the well and protect it against floods. This well was in a beautiful wadi where the monastery had built a small house as a retreat for a nun. It was the perfect place to come on a retreat. Although there was no one living permanently in the wadi, there are many Bedouin there in the summer when the Mouzaina tribe come up to escape the heat from the plains by the sea. At the end of the visit we were invited to take tea and then several other bedouin came to support this well going on the list so we decided to accept it after all. After this there was a drive to Wadi Gharba which is off Wadi Fenian. Here we visited a completed well project. The well had been producing good water until the 2012/2013 floods had filled it in. The owner has restored the well and made good flood defences. On the opposite side of the wadi was another well that the owner had worked hard to dig out but he did not have the funds to protect the well and so it is very vulnerable to flooding this winter. We hope to have the funds soon for this well. We then visited a beautiful garden which was well looked after with many vegetables growing, not just trees. Here the owner had restored a well with the help of the trust and there was plenty of water for the garden.
On our last night, Mahmoud invited Susie and Helen for supper. His wife Kerima and her sister Halima had cooked a delicious meal of fresh fish which was much enjoyed. The final day for Susie was taken up with administration before taking Sala’s taxi back to Sharm airport for her last flight home. It was an emotional goodbye for Susie and for the Bedouin who knew her. Helen went for a days rest by the sea before joining Michael Ratcliffe on an exploration of other projects.
The first meeting was to initiate a project at the Movenpick Hotel at Naama Bay in Sharm El Sheikh. Helen and Michael met with Inga who is the customer relations manager, the general manager and his PA to see if they would be interested in selling Selima’s beaded bags. All three of them loved the bags and wanted to have them for their guests. Now it is up to Inga and Selima to see if they can make this work.
Our next stop was to Habiba Organic Farm to talk again with Maged. We had picked up Simon Merkens by this time. Simon is the son of Klaus, a trustee and he has lived and worked in Egypt for many years. We thought he might be interested in getting the Date Palm project off the ground. This is a project to grow Organic Mejool Dates to provide an income for Bedouin in the Nuweiba area and is Maged’s idea. We were joined by Sherif, Nora and Nassif from Cairo who joined in the discussions. We spent a delightful day and night there and the next morning went to visit the Mayor of Nuweiba to see if he would support the project. The Mayor was very welcoming and enthusiastic about planting date palms along the road sides so that they would be available for everyone – as a sort of community project. He offered us an office in his town hall too. It has yet to be decided how this would fit with growing organic date palms.
Our next journey was to St Katherine’s and to our hotel, the Wadi Raha where Michael, Helen, Sherif, Nora, Simon, and Nassr. were to stay for the duration of our time in St Katherine’s. The first priority was to see what was happening with the setting up of a library for the Bedouin women and children of the area. The room were were offered turned out to be a filthy but large storeroom in the town hall. Mahmoud had organised of the walls to be painted and Nora had arranged for the bookshelves to be made and transported from Cairo. She and Sherif had hired a van to bring them and also tables and boxes and boxes of books – over 2000 of them. They had been kindly donated by the American University in Cairo and by the Minstry of Culture. The first task was to get the room clean. The floor was in a bad way so with the help of Dick, Fabienne, Simon, Rachel and Johnny we cleaned the room, stacked the books and got it all presentable for the inauguration the next day – Sunday 3rd May. This was a full moon day and considered very propitious. All the well-connected people came to this including the Mayor of St Katherine’s and the local sheikhs. They cut the ribbon, declared the library open and gave speeches accompanied by drinks of fruit juice. There were children there too, who were very enthusiastic about the books. The library has since proved to be a great success with the children, and the appointed librarian, Farhana, is planning literacy classes for the Bedouin women.
During the week before, an Italian company had installed the first of what we hope will be many solar pumps, at Hussein’s well as a prototype model. Dick had arranged it all to happen over the previous months. Nora and Helen took the opportunity of a relatively free day to walk up to Hussein’s garden in Wadi Zuweitin with Dick and Fabienne to see the new pump. It was lovely to get out into the mountains and walk after being cooped up in dusty offices for days. We saw the pump and then noticed Amria in the next door garden. We shared our lunch with her and rested in the shade of some of her trees. The walk down from the mountains gave us beautiful views over St Katherine’s town. Later in the day we went to meet Mousa, Dr Ahmed’s son who has been a hobby beekeeper most of his life. For a hobby, he is quite serious about it all as he has over 30 hives. Mousa has agreed to teach a beekeeping course to other Bedouin so there will be more employment and more bees to pollinate the trees in the orchard gardens.
There were many other meetings during the 5 days in St Katherine’s with Michael and Sherrif working hard to ensure that all the projects continued, to establish close relations with officials and to investigate future possible projects.
Our final 3 days were taken up with travelling to Cairo via Wadi Ferian and Suez, a day of meetings in Cairo and then Helen and Michael flew back to UK having had a very successful visit.